landscaping refers to any activity that modifies the visible features of an area of land, including:

-Living elements, such as flora or fauna; or what is commonly called gardening, the art and craft of growing plants with a goal of creating a beauty within the landscape.
-Natural elements such as landforms, terrain shape and elevation, or bodies of water; and
-Abstract elements such as the weather and lighting conditions.

Landscaping requires expertise in horticulture and artistic design.